Step 1: Remove the barriers to learning (Power and Control, Build student confidence, establish relationships, establish goals)
How can teachers build students’ confidence?
- Students realizing that they are exceeding their expectations. Showing data of how they are progressing.
- Awards Assemblies
- Success wall
How do you build relationships with students?
- Figure out their likes and use them in teaching.
- Use examples that are relevant to their culture.
- Use their strengths and give them jobs. Example- If they talk a lot then I might make them the M/C during an assembly.
- Give them responsibilities and leadership roles / put trust in them / invest in them.
How do you establish goals with students?
- On a 3x5 card have students write a goal on Monday, and then on Friday check back in with them. It can be an academic or social goal.
Step 2: Establish Routines with the class
How do you establish routines for direct instruction?
- Practice from the beginning and revisit the rules periodically.
How do you establish routines for guided practice? (Feedback is 60 sec. or less)
- Practice how to use their whiteboards, practice how to use their markers and how to be great listeners.
How do you establish Routines for independent practice? (Feedback is 24 hrs.)
- Constant feedback, and practice. Students who finish early should know what to do when they are finished early.
How do you establish routines when students are finished?
- Have work available for them. Accelerate or reteach students.
How do you establish routines for small-group work?
- Give students roles and practice the roles. Facilitator, recorder, reporter, and time keeper are examples of roles. Practice what each role will do.
Note: It is very important to teach students the reasons “Why” routines are important as well. Also practice what it would look like, what it will sound like, and also give an example of what it will not sound like but do not exaggerate the negative example.
Step 3: Teach students about differences
How will you teach students the differences in background information?
- Have the class line up in a straight line by the wall. Tell them that they can only take 2 steps and need to touch the door. The kids by the door will say “This is easy” while the kids in the middle will say this is hard, and the kids at the end will say this is impossible. Excellent visual representation for children to see that differences exist in learning and the teacher must teach everyone differently.
- Also if I buy everyone a size 5 shoe is that fair? Why?
Step 4: The Feedback Cycle
What are some ways that you can determine the length of the assignment?
- If students have 20 problems don’t assign all 20. Instead assign 3. If they get all 3 right then go on to the next challenging assignment. If they still need help then I will explain and assign 3 more problems, if they still need help then 3 more… etc.
- Have extension assignments ready that challenges students, and remedial assignments that target children at their level.
STEP 5: Use Opportunities
What are some ways to teach the objective?
- Have the students state the purpose, and why is this important? How does this apply to their real lives?
What should you do with students who already know what you are about to teach them?
- If students already know move them to a challenge assignment. Work with the students who need extra help.
- Create a poster of acceptable extension activities
What are common mistakes when giving feedback?
- Practice without feedback
- Late feedback
- Too much peer feedback
Feedback is a high-impact strategy. Some teachers may only give feedback 1 time in a 24 hour period. Some teachers give feedback 41 times. The more feedback that you give the more your achievement will be. What are some ways to increase feedback in your classroom?
- Be active and not passive when giving feedback.
- Passive- “Class raise your hand if you know the answer.”
- Active- “Show me on your whiteboards what the answer is to this problem. I am counting how many people got this right.”
So when I differentiate, what are some activities for advanced students?
- Challenge Packets
- Class Projects
- Create Manipulatives
- Live Blog